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Sesta Conferenza Anti-Corruzione UE-Afghanistan: L'intervento dell'Ambasciatore d'Italia Vittorio Sandalli

Date:

11/12/2020


Sesta Conferenza Anti-Corruzione UE-Afghanistan: L'intervento dell'Ambasciatore d'Italia Vittorio Sandalli

Si riporta di seguito l'intervento nazionale italiano alla Sesta Conferenza Anti-Corruzione UE Afghanistan, tenutasi lo scorso 12 novembre presso il Palazzo presidenziale a Kabul. La conferenza ha anche costituito l'occasione per un workshop di preparazione in tema anti-corruzione in vista della Conferenza di Ginevra sull'Afghanistan del prossimo 23-24 novembre.

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Italy attaches the greatest importance to transparency, accountability and the efficient use the resources it allocates for development cooperation in Afghanistan. In this regard, we welcome the GIRoA’s renewed focus on the fight against corruption, as well as the commitments to improve fiscal management and strengthen governance, which inspire the ANPDF-II, in particular the section on State building.

From our perspective, and based on our national experience, one of the keys to success in the fight against corruption is to balance the two aspects of prevention and penal repression. Both are essential to a sound national strategy to contain the problem and deserve to be addressed with equal emphasis.

All reforms, in particular in a sector as sensitive as this one, require a multi-faceted approach, which is to include an overarching strategy, a set of law and norms, implementing regulations and law enforcement procedures. It is a typical top-down pattern that needs to be coupled with a horizontal action.

Having good reforms approved is the first, important step. The next is reforms’ implementation. Then it is essential to promote virtuous behaviours in the administration, not only at the top level but also in the lower ranks - who are in direct contact with the public - and among the citizens, whose awareness of the problem needs to be strengthened and increased.

This can be achieved with enhanced training programs targeting all levels of civil service and military/police personnel, as well as specific information policies targeting the public. In this regard, we strongly appreciate the references contained in the ANPDF-II to the role of civil society, which needs to be fully engaged and involved in the Government’s efforts to fight and eradicate corruption.

We strongly support the work being done by GIRoA, in consultation with international donors, so as to include in the ANPDF-II easy-to-use indicators of progress. This is key in light of the indicators’ instrumental role in the periodical reviews envisaged in the ANPDF-II. As such, we encourage further efforts aimed at making the indicators as precise as possible in their capacity to gauge progresses, performances and results.

We take due note of GIRoA’s appeal to streamline aid expenditure through government’s core budget. We appreciate progresses accomplished by the Government in this regard and this is reflected in the recent increase in Italy’s contribution to the ARTF. However, the convergence of aid through the government’s budget should be considered as a medium term goal, for which the foundations need to be laid in a scrupulous and sustainable manner. Italy stands ready to continue to assist the Government of Afghanistan as it works towards this goal.


Location:

Kabul, Chahar Chinar Palace

Author:

Amb. Vittorio Sandalli

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